Does Exclusion of Extreme Reporters of Energy Intake (the "Goldberg Cutoffs") Reliably Reduce or Eliminate Bias in Nutrition Studies? Analysis with Illustrative Associations of Energy Intake with Health Outcomes

This paper explores whether application of the Goldberg method for identifying outliers of self-reported energy intake lessens or removes bias when assessing the relationship of energy intake with health outcomes.

Ejima K, Brown AW, Schoeller DA, Heymsfield SB, Nelson EJ, Allison DB
Focus Area:
Dietary data analysis
Publication type:
Peer reviewed articles